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What Are the Different Types of Adoption


Couples and individuals interested in adopting a child are faced with a lot of different options regarding the different types, agencies, and processes that deal with the adoption process. Without properly researching the process and developing a plan to go about it, a lot of people become overwhelmed by the intricacies involved with the procedure and end up abandoning their hopes of helping a child. It is unfortunate that well-meaning individuals get so frustrating by the red tape of an adoption process that it ends up deterring their efforts to make a better life possible for a kid in need.

Know the Basics

Starting out, individuals interested in adoption need to be familiar with the different types of adoption. There are a lot of different types of adoption out there that can fit the various needs of both the adopting and the biological parents involved in the process. The first step in the adoption process is for the potential adopter to understand the specifics of the different types of adoption and to select on or two that fit with their needs and wants to examine further before making the next step, which is actually getting the adoption process rolling. There are typically 5 different types of placement options available to potential adopters.

Open Adoption

This option allows for an on-going relationship for all parties involved in the adoption. This is a great idea for parents who want their adoptive children to know who their biological parents are and want them to be able to develop a relationship with them at some point in their lives if they wish. Both sets of parents stay in contact throughout the child's life and sometimes even allow for visits from the biological parents.

Semi-Open Adoption

This adoption type usually involves more interaction from the adoption agency that facilitated the adoption. The two sets of parents have met and exchange some contact that is typically mediated by the agency. When the adopted child is old enough they have access to the information about their birthparents and can decide if they want to make contact to develop a relationship or not.

Semi-Closed Adoption

This is a great option for birthparents that want more confidentiality. The biological parents find couples or individuals who want to adopt and select one based on a profile. It can help the parents feel more secure in their choice but does not require them to remain in contact for the duration of the child's life.

Closed Adoption

Neither party in a closed adoption is privy to any information about the other side. This is not a common adoption type and is typically discouraged unless there are other issues involved that would merit complete confidentiality.

Independent Adoption

This kind of adoption goes outside of any kind of adoption agency involvement. It is when the birth parents locate a family looking to adopt, or vice versa, and they agree to adoption terms acceptable to both parties.